Biology is the study of living organisms, ecosystems and taxonomy in addition to the effects of evolution on organisms through genetic heredity. Biologists often explore disciplines such as anatomy, zoology, botany, entomology, ecology, paleontology, embryology, oncology and biochemistry among others.
Chemistry is a discipline of science which involves the study of the composition of matter including its behavior and properties in the physical world. Some primary areas of focus for a chemist include the periodic table, atoms, chemical bonds, chemical reactions, phases of matter and molecular structure.
Astronomy is science discipline dedicated to studying the celestial bodies including stars, galaxies, solar systems, planets and meteorology. Scientists interested in astronomical research explore celestial mechanics, archeoastronomy, observational astronomy, planetary sciences, astrophysics and astrochemistry.
Exploration helps us to understand the natural world, initially occurring through geography and cartography however strides are currently being made in deep sea exploration and space exploration by scientists. Exploration has allowed scientists to better understand Earth’s unique capabilities to support life.
Geology is often also referred to as Earth science and consists of the study of the natural functions and cycles throughout the Earth’s layers including subduction zones, erosion, magma, oceanography and geological phenomenon.