Meadow grass in Finland that live in isolated patches have a higher chance to transmit fungal pathogens than meadows that reside closer to others. Anna-Liisa Laine and fellow biologists studying plant ecology throughout the archipelago of Finland found that genetic diversity associated with meadows that reside closer to others develop higher immune systems.

Dibaryons, a six pack of quarks, was once thought to be a hypothetical particle in quantum mechanics but evidence has been discovered by physicists and engineers that two baryon particles can in fact bond. These quantum particles were first observed in 2011 however physicists had a difficult time replicating the results of the initial experiment to prove their existence to the scientific community.

Hydraulic fracturing, commonly just called fracking, is the process of harvesting energy from shale in the form of oil sands which are rich in fossil fuels. Debates are heating up as proponents for and against shale energy from fracking stir to question whether it is really as environmentally friendly as it was once thought to be, making it essential to understand the process of how fracking works.

The brain’s ability to retain memory may be related to the quality of sleep an individual gets after learning. Research from colleagues in New York and China show evidence that synaptic connections, or neuron pathways, require slow-wave phases of sleep (deep sleep) to effectively form memory connections in the brain. The study may change how we think about study habits for children and adult students.

The Solar Impulse 2 is the latest solar powered plane to take flight from Switzerland with cutting edge technology. The aircraft is one of the first to carry no fuel supply but instead has solar energy panels installed across its wingspan which recharge lithium-ion batteries. After further tests the technology company Solar Impulse planes to attempt to circumnavigate the globe in 2015.